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Antiguo 02-Apr-2007, 12:53   #1
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Todas Las Generaciones De Toyota Corolla Y Sus Motores

Es algo largo pero creo que vale la pena para los Toyoteros de Corazon. Estan lar versiones de Europa, USA y Japan


Toyota Corolla



The Toyota Corolla is a subcompact / compact car produced by Toyota of Japan, known worldwide for its reliability, conventional engineering and low fuel consumption. In 1997, the Corolla became the best selling nameplate in the world. Toyota has made 30 million cars under the Corolla name since its launch in 1966, making it the best selling car of all time. [1].

Corollas are currently manufactured in Japan, the United States (Fremont, California), the United Kingdom, Canada (Cambridge, Ontario), China (Tianjin), Taiwan, India, South Africa, Brazil, Turkey, Philippines, Thailand, Venezuela and Pakistan.

The Corolla's chassis designation code is "E", as described in Toyota's chassis and engine codes.
Alternative versions

Using the Corolla Chassis

A slightly upmarket version is called the Toyota Sprinter, sold in the Japanese home market. It was replaced in 2001 by the Toyota Allex. There have also been several models over the years, including the Corolla Ceres (and similar Sprinter Marino) hardtop, Corolla Levin and Sprinter Trueno sports coupes and hatchbacks, and the Corolla FX hatchback (now Corolla Runx).

Over the years, there have been rebadged versions of the Corolla, including the 1980s' Holden Nova of Australia, and the Sprinter-based Chevrolet Nova, Geo Prizm then Chevrolet Prizm of the United States. In Australia, the Corolla liftback (TE72) was at one point badged the T-18. The five-door liftback was sold with the Corolla Seca name in Australia and the nameplate survived on successive five-door models.

The Daihatsu Charmant was produced with the E30 through E70 series.

The Geo/Chevrolet Prizm was produced with the E80 through E110 series.
Using the Corolla Name

The Toyota Tercel was a front wheel drive spinoff of the rear wheel drive Corolla introduced in 1980, called the "Corolla Tercel" which later became its own model in 1983.

The Tercel Chassis was used again for the Corolla II hatchback.
First generation - E10 series - October 1966

Japan (1966–1969)

The Corolla was launched in Japan in October 1966. Eiji Toyoda, chairman of the company, said it worked hard to create popular demand, and disputes that Toyota rode a wave of private car ownership that was taking off in the mid-1960s.

The initial car, the KE1x series was small, with a 90 in (2286 mm) wheelbase, and used a 4-speed manual transmission or 2 speed automatic transmission, with rear wheel drive.

The suspension in front was MacPherson struts supported by a transverse leaf spring beneath the engine crossmember, with leaf springs connected to a solid axle in back.

Japanese engines:
*1K - 1.1 L (1077 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 60 hp (56 kW)
*3K - 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)

JPN-market chassis:
*E-10/11 - Sedan, 2 Door/4 Door
*E-15 - Hardtop Coupe
*E-16 - Wagon, 2 Door
USA (1968-1970)

Toyota has been almost steadfast in facelifting each generation after two years, and replacing it with an all-new model every four years. Exports to the United States began in 1968 at about $1,700USD, and the car has been popular since.

American engines:
*3K - 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)

US-market chassis:
*E-11 - Sedan, 2 Door/4 Door
*E-15 - Hardtop Coupe
*E-16 - Wagon, 3 Door
Second generation - E20 series - 1970

The second-generation KE2# / TE2# model, launched 1970, had "coke-bottle" styling. It had a longer 91.9 in (2334 mm) wheelbase. The front suspension design was improved greatly, using a swaybar, however the rear remained relatively the same. The Corolla became the second-best selling car in the world that year. Grades for Sedan were Standard, Deluxe, and Hi-Deluxe. The Coupe was offered in Deluxe, SL, SR, and Levin GT.

The TE-27 Levin GT is featured in Auto Modellista, a racing video game by Capcom.

Minor change was given for 1973 model year with new grille, turn signal lights, and tail lights.
Japan (1970–1978)

The KE26 Wagon and Van were still marketed in Japan after the 30-series was introduced.

Japanese engines:
*2T-C - 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)
*3K-C - 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)

JPN-market chassis:
*E-21 - Sedan, 2 Door/4 Door (Std, DX, Hi-DX)
*E-25 - Hardtop Coupe (DX, SL, SR)
*E-26 - Wagon, 3 Door
*E-27 - Hardtop Coupe (Levin/Trueno)
USA (1971–1974)

The above models were available, as well as a hardtop coupe called the "SR-5". A 1.6 L (1588 cc/96 in³) 102 hp (76 kW) engine came in 1971, quite impressive for the time, and the sporty SR5 (aka: Levin in Japan) was introduced in 1973.

American engines:
*2T-C - 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 102 hp (76 kW)
*3K-C - 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)

US-market chassis:
*E-21 - Sedan, 2 Door/4 Door (Std, DX, Hi-DX)
*E-25 - Wagon, DX
*E-27 - Hardtop Coupe (SR5)
Third generation - E30, E40, E50 series - April 1974

Japan (1974–1981)

The third-generation Toyota Corolla, built from 1974â€"81 (worldwide versions) (KE3x/KE5x), marked Toyota's greatest growth in the United States in the wake of the fuel crisis. In addition to the Sprinter, there was a rebodied version built by Toyota affiliate Daihatsu, called the Daihatsu Charmant. While there were certain fourth-generation models with a longer model life, this generation, when considered as a whole, was the longest-lived one, possibly due to the worldwide recession in the 1970s.

The 3K engine were used in certain markets, while most Japanese and American models had the stronger 2T'' engine. A "Toyoglide" 2/3-speed automatic transmission was added as well as a four-speed and five-speed manual tranmission, driving to the rear wheels. A three-door "liftback" (E50) and sport coupe (E51) was added in 1976. The E40 and E60 series were assigned to the Sprinter variants.

Japanese engines:
*2T-G - 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve DOHC, carb, 124 hp (93 kW)
*2T-C - 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)
*3K-C - 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)

JPN-market chassis:
* E-31 - Sedan, 2 Door/4 Door
* E-36 - Wagon, 3 Door
* E-38 - Wagon, 5 Door
* E-37 - Hardtop Coupe (Levin)
* E-51 - Sport Coupe (Levin)
* E-55 - Liftback
USA (1975–1979)

Road & Track was critical of the 1975 Corolla, calling it "large and heavy" and "expensive" compared to the Honda Civic and Datsun B210. They also criticized the "relatively crude rear suspension" and lack of interior space and poor fuel economy when compared to the VW Rabbit. The base model cost 2,711 in 1975, but one needed to step up to the $2,989 "deluxe" to get features comparable to the contemporary pack.

However emissions became a problem further into the 1970s, and the 4K engine which became popular because of its low fuel consumption. In later versions of the K engine, emmisions equipment in the series produced only 60 hp (45 kW), despite an increased capacity of 1290 cc.

The E30 series 2T-C engines outmatched rival Datsun B210s engine output.

American engines:
*2T-C - 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)
*3K-C - 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)

US-market chassis:
* E-31 - Sedan, 2 Door/4 Door (Std, DX, E/5)
* E-35 - Wagon, 5 Door (Std, DX)
* E-37 - Hardtop Coupe (DX, SR5)
* E-51 - Sport Coupe (Std, SR5)
* E-55 - Liftback, 3 Door (Std, SR5)
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Fourth generation - E70 series - 1979–1987

The fourth-generation model (Ke70) released in 1979 in Japan, was boxy and was the last generation to have the enitire lineup in rear-wheel-drive. Although most of the fourth generation was replaced by 1984, the station wagon and van versions were offered into 1987.

This generation (apart from the wagon) got a new rear coil spring five-link rear end with panhard rod, and the wheelbase was longer at 94.5 in (2400 mm). A new 1.8 L (1770 cc/108 in³) 3T engine was optional to some markets, whilst parts of the world retained the old 4K. The year 1983 introduced the Corolla's first overhead cam engine, the 1.6 L (1587 cc/96 in³) 4A-C. This was the first generation to have power steering. In the USDM market, this was introduced in the 1982 model year. The 1980-81 models had 4 lamps in the front in some markets, all 82-83 models have 2.

In 1980, during this model's life, Corolla daily production reached an all-time high, averaging 2,346 units.

American engines:
*3T-C - 1.8 L (1770 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)
*4A-C - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 90 hp (67 kW)

US-market chassis:
* E-71 - Sedan, 2 Door/4 Door (Std, DX)
* E-72 - Wagon, 5 Door (Std, DX)
* E-72 - Hardtop Coupe (DX, SR5)
* E-72 - Sport Coupe (SR5)
* E-72 - Liftback, 3 Door (Std, SR5)
Fifth generation - E80 series - 1983

The fifth generation is generally regarded as the most popular Corolla when measured against its contemporaries, and some 3.3 million units were produced. This model, from 1984, moved the Corolla into front wheel drive, except for the AE85 Corolla (SR5 outside Japan) and AE86 Sprinter Trueno (GT-S outside Japan) which continued on the older rear wheel drive platform, along with the three-door "liftback" (E72), three-door van (E70) and five-door wagon (E70) of the previous generation, that were still being produced.

The front-wheel-drive wheelbase was now 95.6 in (2428 mm).

It was the first Corolla to top the New Zealand top-10 lists, ending Ford's dominance of that market. A "short" hatchback range, called the Corolla FX in Japan and the Corolla Compact in Germany, arrived in 1984, on the front-wheel-drive platform. The three and five-door hatchbacks resembled the Corolla sedan with a truncated boot. Although there was a five-door liftback model of the basic Corolla, the FX-based hatchback was sold alongside it. The Corolla FX replaced the Toyota Starlet in North America.

A hot DOHC 16-valve engine, designated 4A-GE, was added in 1983 on the rear-drive cars. It was a 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4 and produced an impressive 124 hp (92 kW), turning the Sprinter Trueno (Japan), Corolla GT Coupe (Europe) and Corolla GT-S into a popular sports car. This engine was also combined with the front-drive transaxle to power the mid-engined Toyota MR-2.

The Sprinter sports cars, in two-door coupe and three-door liftback forms, were notable for the line's first use of pop-up headlamps, which the equivalent Corolla Levin sports models did not have. These AE86 models have been immortalized in the anime series Initial D, and have been also featured in the computer and video games Need for Speed: Underground 2, Gran Turismo 3 & 4, and Auto Modellista.

A new Corolla FX, built at the US NUMMI plant, appeared in 1987. It was available with either SOHC or DOHC engines, the latter marketed as the FX-16.
USA (1984-1987)

American engines:
*4A-C 1.6 L I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 90 hp (67 kW)
*4A-GE 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 115 hp (86 kW)

US-market chassis:
* E-82 - FWD Sedan, 2 Door/4 Door, hatchback(Std, DX, LE) 3 Door (FX/FX16)
* E-84 - 4WD 5-door wagon (Std, DX)
* E-86 - RWD Coupe 2 Door, Hatchback, 3 Door (SR5, GT-S)
Europe (1984-1987)

Australian engines:
*2A 1.3 L, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 69 hp
*3A 1.5 L, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 71 hp
*4A 1.6 L, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 78 hp
*4A-GE 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 115 hp (86 kW)

Australian-market chassis:
* AE80 - FWD 4-door Sedan /5-door Hatchback
* AE82 - FWD 4-door Sedan /5-door Hatchback
* AE86 - RWD 2-door Coupe /3-door Hatchback (Badged as Toyota Sprinter)

European engines
*2A 1.3 L, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 69 hp
*4A 1.6 L, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 84 hp
*4A-GE 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 121 hp (86 kW)
*1C 1.8 L, Diesel, Mechanical Injection, 58 hp
*2E 1.3 L, 12-valve SOHC, carb, 75 hp

European-market chassis:
* E80 - FWD 4-door Sedan /5-door liftback
* E80 - FWD 3-door liftback
* E82 - FWD 3-door Hatchback
* E86 - RWD 2-door Coupe /3-door Hatchback

Image:Toyota Corolla 1987 Sweden.JPG|Toyota Corolla AE80 (Sweden)Image:Toyota Corolla AE82 Sweden.JPG|Toyota Corolla AE82 FX Hatchback (Sweden)
Sixth generation - E90 series - May 1987

All Corollas were front-drive for 1987, with production beginning in May 1987. For general export, the trim levels are Base, XL, GL, SE, and SE Limited. The GT-i was sold in limited numbers in certain countries. The all wheel drive Sprinter Carib wagon used a solid axle rear suspension with coil springs, while the rest used struts all around. The 4WD Wagon was sold from 1988 to 1994 and had different bodywork to other Corollas. It was called the All-Trac in the US and sold with the Tercel or Corolla name in some countries.

The Sprinter five-door liftback was called Cielo in Japan, and re-badged as the Corolla in Europe, though for a period in Ireland (and possibly elsewhere) it was badged the "Sprinter GLS", unusually in cheap-looking decals instead of the metallic-coated plastic badges found on all other Toyotas of the time.

High performance GT-i models are powered by 4A-GE, and offered as 3 door Hatchback, Sedan, and 5 door Liftback. The North American GT-S Coupe shared the same engine.
Toyota Tazz (South Africa 1996 - 2006)

A facelifted version of the sixth-generation five-door hatchback was made in South Africa as an entry-level model called the Toyota Tazz from 1996 till the 12th July 2006. Whilst the three-door was sold as a panel van model there, called the Toyota Carri. These generations were also favored by tuners.
Japan (1987–1991)

The 1.3 liter Sedan has 4 speed manual transmission or 3 speed automatic transmission.The AE92 Levin and Trueno were also fitted with a supercharged engine. It used an SC12 roots type supercharger and a top mounted intercooler that was fed cool air via a scoop on the bonnet. They generated 152 ft·lbf at 4,400 rpm as opposed to the N/a 4A-GE's 100 ft·lbf at 4,800 rpm.The Corolla and Sprinter commercial van have recessed headlights.

JPN-market chassis:
* EE90 - Sedan 4 door (DX Custom) 1.3 liter
* AE91 - Sedan 4 Door (DX, SE) 1.5 liter
* AE92 - Sedan 4 door (SE Limited, GT) 1.6 liter
* AE92 - Coupe 2 Door (Levin), Hatchback FX GT 1.6 liter
* AE94 - 4WD Sedan 4 Door (DX, SE Limited) 1.6 liter
* AE95 - FWD/4WD Wagon 5 Door (Carib)
* EE97 - FWD Wagon 5 door (Std, XL) 1.3 liter

Japanese engines:
*4A-GZE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, supercharger, 165 hp (121 kW) GT-Z
USA (1988–1992)

American production of the sedan took place at NUMMI and Cambridge, Ontario. These two plants made 279,000 units, making a total of 4.5 million of this generation (AE92) made.The North American models feature longer bumpers and small red indicator lights on the quarter panels.Minor changes for 1991 model years were Toyota (T) ellipse emblem on the grille, all-red tail lights, door-mounted and manual lap front seat belts, and new wheelcovers for DX. Rear garnish was deleted for the Base model. The LE was only available with automatic transmission.

The North American Corolla Coupe with retractable headlights was basically a Sprinter Trueno with different front corner lights and longer bumpers. Trim levels are SR5 and GT-S. The GT-S is powered by 4A-GE engine, and comes with full body kits.

The 4WD All-trac Wagon in Base and SR5 trim levels were sold from 1988 to 1992 and had different bodywork to other Corollas. The Corolla All-trac Sedan was sold in very small numbers.

The Geo Prizm shared a slightly different body with the Japan-market Sprinter, and built as Sedan and Liftback. These models were slightly more basic than their Europe/Japan versions.

American engines:
*4A-F - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, carb, 95 hp (71 kW)
*4A-FE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 102 hp (76 kW)
*4A-GE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, 115 hp (86 kW) GT-S

US-market chassis & VIN code:The Japanese built has JT2 VIN prefix, the NUMMI made has 1NX VIN prefix.
* AE92 - Sedan 4 Door Std (AE91), DX (AE94), LE (AE97)
* AE92 - Coupe 2 Door SR5 (AE96), GT-S (AE98)
* AE95 - 4WD Sedan 4 Door All-Trac (AE94)
* AE95 - FWD/4WD Wagon 5 Door Std, DX, All-Trac (AE95)
Europe (1988–1992)

European engines:
*2E - 1.3 L (1295 cc), 12-valve SOHC, carb, 74 hp (55 kW)
*4A-F - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, carb, 95 hp (71 kW)
*4A-FE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 102 hp (76 kW)
*4A-GE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, 115 hp (86 kW) GT-S
*1C-III - 1.8 L (1839 cc) I4 diesel, OHC, 67 hp (49.28 kW)

The 7A-FE engine was also used in some later upmarket variants of the Australian Corolla (made in Australia from 1989-1994, models with the 7A-FE were the Seca Ultima and Seca RV, liftback only). These were given the E-96 specification.

European-market chassis:
* E-90 - Sedan 4 Door (XL, GL)
* E-92 - Hatchback 3 Door (GT-i)
* Liftback 5 door based on Sprinter sedan (XL, GL, GT)

Image:1990 Toyota Sprinter 01.jpg|1987 Toyota SprinterImage:1990-92-Toyota-Corolla-90812041990301.jpg|1990 Toyota Corolla LE AE92 (North American Model)
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Seventh generation - E100 series - June 1991

The next Corolla (AE10#) was larger, heavier, and more expensive, with development chief Dr Akihiko Saito wanting to develop a 'mini-Lexus', after success with that range's flagship. With its 97 in (2465 mm) wheelbase, the Corolla had moved into the compact size class once occupied by the Toyota Corona and Camry. The coupe was dropped for North America, replaced by the Paseo.

The Corolla Sedan is nicknamed "Great Corolla" in Indonesia. Initially the trim levels were 1.3 SE and 1.6 SE-G. The smaller engine model was replaced by 1.6 SE in 1994.

The 1.5 GLi Sedan, Wagon, and Levin 1.5 SJ Coupe were sold in Hong Kong.
Japan (1992–1996)

This model was not as successful compared to previous series due to a rising yen and home-market recession, blunting demand.The base model DX has black bumpers and fender mirrors. The GT has twin exhaust pipes.Minor change was given in May 1993 with new grille, rear combination lamps and garnish.

Japanese engines:
*4E-FE - 1.3L (1331 cc) I4
*5A-FE - 1.5L (1498 cc) I4
*4A-FE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4
*4A-GE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4
*4A-GZE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4

JPN-market chassis:
*EE101 - 1.3 liter Sedan (DX, LX, XE).
*AE100 - 1.5 liter Sedan (DX, LX, XE, SE-Limited), and Coupe (Levin / Trueno S).
*AE101 - 1.6 liter Sedan (SE-G, GT), FX Hatchback (SJ, GT), and Coupe (Levin / Trueno GT, GT APEX, GT-Z).
*AE102 - Wagon, 5 Door.
*AE104 - 1.6 liter Sedan 4WD.
*CE106 - Wagon, 5 Door, Diesel.
USA (1993–1997)

In North America, the Corolla was new for 1993 model year. It has different grille and longer bumpers than other region models. Base model has 1.6 liter 4A-FE engine. The DX and LE have 1.8 liter 7A-FE. The LE has sporty front seats and available with automatic transmission only. Minor change was given for 1996 model year. The DX has bright red / clear tail lights and rear garnish, and new wheel covers. The LE was discontinued for 1996, and the Base is also offered with CE Package. Sport Corollas were no longer imported during and after this generation as well as 4WD versions. Some 1993 Corollas in Canada were exported from Japan.

American Engines:
*4A-FE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 105 hp (78 kW)
*4A-FE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 100 hp (75 kW)
*7A-FE - 1.8 L (1762 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 115 hp (86 kW) DX and LE

US-market chassis:
* E-101 - Sedan 4 Door with 1.6 4A-FE (Base, CE)
* E-102 - Sedan 4 Door with 1.8 7A-FE (DX, LE)
* E-103 - Wagon 5 Door with 1.8 7A-FE (DX)
Europe (1993–1997)

The five-door Sprinter was sold as the Corolla Sprinter in Europe, confusingly. The three and five-door Corolla FX was also sold in Europe just as the Corolla, and was available mostly in normal (non-sports) specs unlike the FX range available in Japan which were available in two models the SJ a 16 valve 1.6-litre 115 bhp (4A-FE) and the GT a 20 Valve 1.6-litre 160 bhp (Silvertop 4A-GE).In Europe, the Hatchback sold better than Sedan and Wagon. Although basically the trim levels are Base, XLi and GLi, in UK the Corolla was marketed as S, CD, and CDX.The Sedan has rear license plate mounted on the trunk as opposed to other region models on the bumper.

Additional Engines available in Europe:
*4E-FE - 1.3 L (1333 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 88 hp (65 kW) (92-95)
*4E-FE - 1.4 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, "Ecotronic", 75 hp (55 kW) (96-97)
*2C-III - 2.0 L diesel

Image:Toyota Corolla AE100 Sweden.JPG|Toyota Corolla AE100 hatchbackImage:1993-97-Toyota-Corolla-93812041990413.jpg|1993 Toyota Corolla DX wagon AE102Image:Corolla 1996-97.jpg|1996-97 USDM Toyota Corolla DX AE102Image:Corolla 1993-95 (1).jpg|7th generation USDM Corolla's rear (Part 1): LE model.Image:Corolla 1993-95 (2).jpg|7th generation USDM Corolla's rear (Part 2): LE model.Image:Corolla 1993-95 (3).jpg|7th generation USDM Corolla's rear (Part 3): Base model.Image:Corolla Plus.JPG|Toyota Corolla PlusImage:Corolla Special.JPG|Toyota Corolla Special
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Eighth Generation - E110 series - May 1995

The eighth generation (AE11#), which shared its platform (and doors, on some models) with its predecessor, was introduced in May 1995. Due to recession, Toyota ordered that Corolla development chief Takayasu Honda cuts costs, hence the carryover engineering.

For general market, the Corolla was offered in Base, XLi, GLi, and SE-G trim levels. Japan (1996–2000)

The Japanese had a version called the "Corolla GT" which is a 4-door, 165 hp, 6-speed sedan. Other lesser models are LX, XE Limited, SE Limited, and S-Cruise. 4WD is offered in all but S-Cruise and GT.

This marked the beginning of the end of the Sprinter. The Sprinter Trueno coupé range was carried over with a facelift, while the Wagon was identical to the Corolla.

Japanese models received minor changes in April 1997 with new nose, tail, and interior. The rear panel is totally different, therefore the trunk and tail lights are not interchangeable between the old and facelift models.The new Japanese rear panel is the same as the European model.

Japanese Engines:
*4A-GE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 20-valve DOHC, FI, 165 hp (123 kW)
*4A-FE - 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 115 hp (86 kW)
*5A-FE - 1.5 L (1498 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 100 hp (75 kW)
*4E-FE - 1.3 L (1331 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 88 hp (66 kW)
*3C-E - 2.2 L (2184 cc) I4, diesel, Electronic Fuel Injection, 79 hp (59 kW)
*2C-III - 2.0 L (1974 cc) I4, diesel, FI, 73 hp (54 kW)

JPN-market chassis:
* E-111 - Sedan SE-G, S-Cruise, GT
* E-110 - Sedan LX, XE, SE Limited
* E-114 - AWD Sedan USA (1998–2002)

2001-2002 Toyota Corolla
All North American Corollas were now built in California (by NUMMI) or Canada (by TMMC). A new all-aluminum engine powered all Corollas, making this generation lighter than its predecessor. In the US market only sedans were offered. Grades are VE, CE, and LE. The Touring Package with side skirts, a whiteface instrument cluster, and aluminum wheels are reserved for CE and LE. VVT-i variable valve timing was added to the engine for 2000. For 2001 model year, the VE was deleted, the CE became the base model and the sporty S was added as the replacement of the Touring Package.

The Chevrolet Prizm (replacing the Geo Prizm) had two main differences from the Toyota Corolla, though they were made in the same plant: it used the Japanese intake manifold and tuning, and put in a Delco stereo, which provided better sound quality but required a replumbing of the center stack as the Delco unit is taller than the Denso.

The US-market 2001 Toyota Corolla has a maximum legal carrying capacity of 850 lb.

American engines: (ZZE-112)
*1998-1999 - 1ZZ-FE - 1.8 L (1794 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 120 hp (89 kW)
*2000-2002 - 1ZZ-FE - 1.8 L (1794 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 125 hp (93 kW) Europe & Oceania (1996–2001)

Toyota Corolla WRC, with European model-style front
This range had different front and rear ends to the Japanese models, though the sides and interior remained mostly the same. It can be distinguished by the round headlights and mesh grille. As a result, a sporting model with a six-speed gearbox was offered. The European 3 door Hatchback is the base for the Corolla World Rally Car (WRC). In Australia the Corolla Liftback is called Seca. Grades for Sedan and Seca are Ascent, Conquest, and Ultima. The Seca Sportivo with turbocharged 7A-FE engine was added in 2001. In 1997, the Corolla Spacio, with its body panels stamped at long-time Toyota supplier Kanto Autoworks, was introduced as a two-box minivan version and sold as the Corolla Verso in Europe and the Toyota Spacio in New Zealand.The facelift European model has totally different frond end with twin smaller headlights under single cover on each side.

This generation received a facelift in 2000, featuring a different nose (the previous round headlights proved unpopular), and new VVT-i petrol engines replacing the old A Series engines.

7A-FE engine : 1.762 cc Twin Cam 16 valve EFIbore : 81 mmstroke: 85.5 mmcompression ratio : 9.5- 120 hp @ 6000 rpm, 157 Nm @ 4400 rpm. in Corolla AE112 (Russia, Indonesia version)- 115 hp @ 5400 rpm, 154 Nm @ 2800 rpm. JDM (in Toyota Carina and Toyota Corona Premio) Ninth generation - E120 series - August 2000

The ninth-generation Corolla (NZE120/ZZE120) appeared in August 2000 with edgier styling and a longer 102.4 in (2600 mm) wheelbase. It is built on a shortened Toyota Vista platformâ€"the Vista being a mid-sized, rather than compact car. Like the Vista, the Corolla's width is limited to 67 in (1700 mm), to avoid being in a higher tax bracket in Japan, although most of its European rivals are now wider. The North American model is longer and the same as Corolla Altis. It came to the United States in Spring 2002 as model year 2003. Initially trim levels are CE, S, and LE.

The torsion bar suspension and drum brakes in the rear are anachronisms, however. The sporty XRS model, introduced for 2004, features the high-revving 170 hp (127 kW) 127 ft·lbf (172 N•m) 2ZZ-GE engine and 6 speed manual from the Toyota Celica GT-S and Lotus Elise.

The station wagon model is called the Toyota Corolla Fielder in Japan, and the five-door the Toyota Corolla Runx and Toyota Allex, launching in 2001.

The Corolla Spacio (Verso in Europe) moved on to the new platform. The Corolla has also spawned another multi-purpose vehicle, the Matrix, sold in Canada and the United States, and forms the basis of the Pontiac Vibe. The Vibe, in turn, is sold with a different grille in Japan and is called the Toyota Voltz.

In Brazil, the Corolla Sedan and the Corolla Fielder are built locally. It is available with the 1.6 3ZZ-FE engine (sedan only) and the 1ZZ-FE. The Sedan is externally identical to the US model, but the Fielder has a different styling from the Japanese version.

In few Asian countries (excluding Hong Kong, Japan & India), an offshoot of the Corolla model, called the Corolla Altis is also sold there alongside the Corolla. The Altis is targeted at consumers who prefer more comfort than the current Corolla but do not wish to buy the more luxurious Toyota Camry. Two versions of engine are available, the 108 bhp 1.6 and the 134 bhp 1.8. The Altis range of the Corolla is manufactured in Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Taiwan and Thailand. For 2004 model year, the Altis received VVT-i on its 1ZZ-FE engine. The grille, tail lights, and alloys were also new. In Thailand, the Toyota Corolla is also branded as the Toyota Limo for lower spec for taxi business, not to be confused with the taxi version of Toyota Vios which also called Toyota Limo in Indonesia.

The Corolla Sedan, Wagon and 5 door Hatchback (Seca) sold in Australia are sourced from Japan, while a few years ago, some hatchbacks were sourced from South Africa. Trim levels are Ascent, Ascent Sport, Conquest, and Ultima (Auto Sedan only). The sporty Levin (Hatchback and Wagon) and high performance Sportivo was available in Hatchback only and was built in South Africa. The Sportivo is powered by 2ZZ-GE engine and a six-speed manual gearbox (also used in the Celica) , while the other models have 1ZZ-FE. The Sportivo was discontinued in Australia from 2006 due to the prohibitive costs involved in modifying the engine to comply with Euro IV emissions. All the other models all had their engine power and torque reduced to 93kw and 161nm from 100kw and 171nm respectively from October 2005 production to comply with Euro IV. From May 2006 production, the Ascent and Ascent Sport models were upgraded with standard front power windows and passenger airbag, while the Conquest models had ABS brakes as standard fitment. The equipment upgrades only apply to the sedan and hatch models as the Corolla wagon will cease production in August 2006.

When Toyota introduced its locally-made Corolla, it is named as Toyota Huaguan, Huaguan being the translation of the word corolla.

Image:2005 toyota corolla s front.jpg|2005 Toyota Corolla S ZZE122 (North American model)Image:2005_toyota_corolla_s_front_left_2.jpg |2005 Toyota Corolla S ZZE122 (North American model)Image:Corolla 2003-04.jpg|2003-2004 USDM Toyota CorollaImage:2005 toyota corolla s interior.jpg|2005 Toyota Corolla interiorImage:2005 toyota corolla s rear left.jpg|2005 Toyota Corolla S ZZE122 (North American model)

American engines: (ZZE-122)
*2002-present - 1ZZ-FE - 1.8 L (1794 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 130 hp (97 kW) -- CE, LE, S
*2005 - 2ZZ-GE - 1.8 L (1796 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVTL-i, 170 hp (127 kW) -- XRS

Additional engines available in Europe:
*2002â€"present - 4ZZ-FE - 1.4 L (1398 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 95 hp (71 kW)
*2002â€"present - 3ZZ-FE - 1.6 L (1598 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 109 hp (81 kW)
*2002â€"2005 - 2ZZ-GE - 1.8 L (1796 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVTL-i, 189 hp (141 kW)
*2006â€"present - 2ZZ-GE - 1.8 L (1796 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, supercharged, FI, VVTL-i, 215 hp (162 kW) -- Compressor
*2004â€"present - 1ND-TV - 1.4 L (1364 cc) I4 diesel, 16-valve DOHC, turbocharged, D-4D, 89 hp (66 kW)
*2003â€"present - 1CD-FTV - 2.0 L (1995 cc) I4 diesel, 16-valve DOHC, turbocharged, D-4D, 114 hp (85 kW)

For 2008, Toyota will introduce a hybrid gasolineâ€"electric Corolla.
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Antiguo 02-Apr-2007, 16:13   #5
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Antiguo 02-Apr-2007, 16:42   #6
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bonita info lastima no hay pics de los chasis y motores y que esta solo ingles y yo prefiero leer en español porque en ingles me da hueva ñaljdfajf pero buen thread
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